Salvia hispanica are the edible seeds of Salvia hispanica, a flowering plant in the mint family (Lamiaceae) native to central and southern Mexico, or of the related Salvia columbariae of the southwestern United States and Mexico. Chia seeds are oval and gray with black and white spots, having a diameter around 2 millimetres (0.08 in). The seeds are hygroscopic, absorbing up to 12 times their weight in liquid when soaked and developing a mucilaginous coating that gives chia-based foods and beverages a distinctive gel texture.
Dried chia seeds contain 6% water, 42% carbohydrates, 16% protein, and 31% fat. In a 100-gram amount, chia seeds are a rich source of the B vitamins, thiamin and niacin (54% and 59% DV, respectively), and a moderate source of riboflavin (14% DV) and folate (12% DV). Several dietary minerals are in rich content, including calcium, copper iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, and zinc.
Gluten-free, rich in omega-3, packed full of vitamins and minerals and high in fibre, chia seeds have a lot going for them.
Possible Indications and Benefits
Excellent as a general nutritional supplement to ensure good levels of the nutrients mentioned above they also have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties containing Omega 3 and 6 fatty acids in approximately a 3:1 ratio
It like Psyllium, has a high fibre content and soaks up 10 times its own weight in water and so may help with constipation and anal gland impaction but do not give more than the recommended amounts and avoid in dehydrated pets
Drug interactions: none proven but consult your veterinarian if medically dosing as with all herbs
Suggested Feeding amounts
Cats- 1/4 teaspoon
Dogs- 1/2-2 teaspoon depending on size
Under 10kgs 1/4 – 1/2 teaspoon10-20kg 1/2 to 1 teaspoon 20- 40kg 1 to 11/2 teaspoons50kg plus 11/2 to 2 teaspoons
Goats/Sheep/ Alpacas- 2 teaspoons
Ponies- 3 teaspoons